During a 9-day experiment, researchers from Touro University and UC San Francisco came to the conclusion that a diet with lowered intake of sugars can decrease the liver fat by over 20%. Eliminating the types of sugar usually present in fruit juices, soft beverages, and processed foods can reverse the accumulation of liver fat in children and adolescents, which represents a condition closely associated with cardiovascular illness and diabetes.
The development of fatty liver disease in youth has more than doubled in the last 20 years, triggering an elevated resistance to insulin. This, in turn, can reduce the ability of a person to regulate blood glucose, which triggers the appearance of Type-2 diabetes. The results were published in the journal Gastroenterology.
The lead author Jean-Marc Schwarz stated: “It is clear that our study shows that sugar is transformed into fat, which may be the explanation of the epidemic of fatty liver in children wo consume sodas and foods that contain added sugars. And we discovered that fatty liver can be reversed by eliminating added fructose from our diets.”
People diagnosed with Type-2 diabetes are usually recommended to follow a diet low in fats. A study that was conducted at Linkoping University demonstrated that foods that contain large amounts of fat and few carbs may affect the levels of blood glucose and the blood lipids in a better manner.
Co-lead author Susan Noworolski added: “Such a considerable decrease of liver fat in only nine days of the decrease of fructose is remarkable. The outcomes provide exciting hope in finding a method for fighting the metabolic problems connected with fatty liver disease.”
Scientists at the University of Colorado School of Medication stated that the cause of resistance to insulin and obesity and might be associated with the fructose that your body makes in addition to the fructose you consume. The enhancement in fatty liver was caused by weight loss, by eliminating the sugars. Participants managed to lose less than 1% of their body weight by following the 9-day diet, in general as a result of loss of water.
Robert Lustig stated: “A lot of people think that fructose offers empty calories. However no, they are poisonous calories due to the fact that they are metabolized solely in the liver, and the liver transform the excess amounts into fat.”
During the conducting of the experiment, calories from fructose were substituted by starchy foods, rich in glucose. The overall consumption of calories was equivalent to the levels of the participants before the study. Glucose is the primary energy source of the body, and it is importance for the metabolism and the production of energy the cellular level. Glucose is present in grains and particular veggies, and is metabolized in the liver where a large amount of it is transformed into fat.
African-American and Latino teens have the habit of consuming around 50% larger amounts of sugar compared to the Asians and Caucasians. This particular study included obese, but non-diabetic, African-American and Latino children and teens, aged 9 – 18 with at least one physiological marker for resistance to insulin and consumption of large amounts of sugar.
An MRI was done at the beginning and at the end of the conducting of the study in order to measure liver fat. For a period of nine days, the participants ate given meals that don’t contain any additional sugars, therefore sugar was only 10% of the total number of calories, reduced from about 28% before the study. As a consequence, the average decrease in liver fat was over 20%, while sensitivity to insulin and other metabolic measures were likewise considerably bettered.
Kathleen Mulligan stated: “Such elevations in the sensitivity to insulin have the potential to lower the risk of development of diabetes, as well as other disorders associated with the metabolic syndrome.”
The results are in accordance with a new model that projects that a 20% drop in fructose intake would reduce the predominance of different metabolic illnesses by approximately 5%, thus saving $10 billion in medical costs on an annual basis. The reduction of the sugar consumption by half would reduce illnesses and save $32 billion a year.
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